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The COUNTER Code of Practice for Release 5.0.1

COUNTER’s library, vendor and content provider members have contributed to the development the Code of Practice.

The Code of Practice enables publishers and vendors to produce consistent and credible usage data. This allows libraries to compare data received from different vendors and publishers, and to understand and demonstrate the value of the electronic resources to which they subscribe.

 

 
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Code of Practice
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Glossary

Appendix A: Glossary of Terms

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Term Definition Examples/formats Definition
A&I database

A&I_Database

A non-full-text database that typically contains article metadata, abstracts, and subject classifications. Used by researchers to locate publications relevant to their research. PubMed, PsycInfo
A&I service A vendor or website that provides A&I databases. American Psychological Association (APA)
Abstract A short summary of an article or content item.

A detailed view of article metadata that includes the summary but not the full text. Accessing the abstract/detailed view falls into the usage category of Investigations.

Abstract and Index Database Host See A&I service. APA, EBSCOhost, ProQuest
Accepted manuscript The version of a journal article that has been accepted for publication in a journal. This version includes any pre-publication revisions, but it does not include any formatting or copyediting changes or corrections.
Access Denied User is denied access to a content item because their institution lacks a proper license or because simultaneous user limits specified in the license have been exceeded.
Access Denied: Limit_Exceeded User is denied access to a content item because the simultaneous user limit for their institution’s license would be exceeded.
Access Denied: No_License User is denied access to a content item because the user or the user’s institution does not have access rights under an agreement with the content provider.
Access_Method A COUNTER attribute indicating whether the usage related to investigations and requests was generated by a human user browsing and searching a website (Regular) or by Text and Data Mining processes (TDM). Regular, TDM
Access_Type A COUNTER attribute used to report on the nature of access control restrictions, if any, placed on the content item at the time when the content item was accessed. Controlled, OA_Gold_APC, OA_Gold_Non_APC, OA_Delayed, Other_Free_to_Read
Aggregated_Full_Content A COUNTER Host_Type for content providers who license full-text articles and possibly non-textual content (beyond bibliographic information).
Aggregated full content database A database that contains full-text articles and possibly non-textual content (beyond bibliographic information) and that is sold as a self-contained/pre-set grouping of data. Academic Search Complete
Aggregated full content database host A content host that provides access to aggregated full content databases. EBSCOhost, ProQuest
Aggregator A type of content provider that hosts content from multiple publishers, delivers content direct to customers, and is paid for this service by customers. EBSCOhost, Gale, Lexis Nexis,

ProQuest

ALPSP The Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers is an international trade association of non-profit publishers.
APC See Article processing charge.
API Application Programming Interface.
Article An item of original written work published in a journal, other serial publication, or in a book. An article is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of references, if it has one.

A COUNTER Data_Type.

Article header See Metadata.
Article processing charges An article processing charge (APC), also known as a publication fee, is a fee which is sometimes charged to authors to make a work available open access in either an open access journal or hybrid journal. …They are the most common funding method for professionally published open access articles. [Wikipedia]
Article_Version Defined by ALPSP and NISO as a classification of the version of an Article as it goes through its publication life-cycle.

 

An element on a COUNTER Expanded Item report that identifies the version of the Article being accessed.

 

Typically COUNTER usage reporting only reflects usage of the following article versions (of the 7 versions defined by the ALPSP/NISO JAV Technical Working Group):

·      Accepted Manuscript (AM)

·      Version of Record (VoR)

·      Corrected Version of Record (CVoR)

·      Enhanced Version of Record (EVoR).

AM, VoR, CVoR, EVoR
Articles in press Full-text articles that have been accepted for publication in a journal and have been made available online to customers and that will be assigned a publication date of the current year or a future year.
Attribute Used to specify a Report Filter when customizing a Master Report.
Author(s) The person/people who wrote/created the items whose usage is being reported.
Automated search A search from a discovery layer or similar technology where multiple Databases are searched simultaneously with a single query from the user interface. The end user is not responsible for selecting which Databases are being searched. Usage of this nature is reported as Searches_Automated.

 

A Search run repeatedly (i.e. daily or weekly) by a script or automated process. Usage of this nature must not be included in COUNTER reports.

Automated search agent A script or automated process that runs a search repeatedly, usually at pre-set intervals such as daily or weekly.
Backfile See Archive. Oxford Journals Archive
Begin_Date The first date in the range for the usage represented in a COUNTER report.
Book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format.

 

A COUNTER Data Type.

Book Access Denied Access Denied activity for books, where users were denied access because simultaneous-user licenses were exceeded, or their institution did not have a license for the book.
Book chapter A subdivision of a book or of some categories of reference work; usually numbered and titled.
Book Request Book content items retrieved.
Book Section See Section_Type.
Book Segment See Section_Type.
Bulk download A single event where multiple content items are downloaded to the user’s computer.
Cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers.

 

Note: Publishers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict caching.

Central Index Also known as a Discovery Index. A collection of locally-hosted, consistently indexed metadata and content harvested from multiple external metadata and content sources, frequently including a library’s catalog and repository metadata, and usually representing a significant portion of the library’s collection.

 

Certified Public Accountant (CPA) An accounting designation granted to accounting professionals in the United States.
Chapter A subdivision of a book or of some categories of reference work, usually numbered and titled.

 

A COUNTER Section_Type.

Chartered Accountant (CA) An international accounting designation granted to accounting professionals in many countries around the world, aside from the United States.
Citation A reference to a published or unpublished source.
Collection A subset of the content of a service. A collection is a branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete group.

 

For the COUNTER reporting is restricted to pre-set collections that are defined like databases. See Database.

 

Note: A package or bundle provided by a publisher is not considered a database or a collection.

Component A uniquely identifiable constituent part of a content item composed of more than one file (digital object). See Section 3.
Consortium A group of institutions joining together to license content. Ohiolink
Consortium member An institution that has obtained access to online information resources as part of a consortium.

 

A consortium member is defined by a subset of the consortium’s range of IP addresses or by other specific authentication details.

Ohio State University
Content host A website that provides access to content typically accessed by patrons of libraries and other research institutions.
Content item A generic term describing a unit of content accessed by a user of a content host. Typical content items include articles, books, chapters, multimedia, etc.
Content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute, and trade information in electronic form. Any publisher, the Metropolitan Museum, Magnum, JSTOR
Controlled An access type. At the time of the transaction, the content item was not open (i.e. was behind a paywall) because access is restricted to authorized users. Access of content due to a trial subscription would be considered Controlled not Other_Free_to_Read.
Copyright holder A person or a company who owns any one of the Exclusive Rights of copyright in a work.
Corrected Version of Record A version of the Version of Record of a journal article in which errors in the VoR have been corrected. The errors could be author errors, publisher errors, or other processing errors.
COUNTER compliance pending Status of a vendor who is currently not compliant but whose audit is in progress or scheduled.
COUNTER Report Validation Tool An online tool to validate COUNTER reports in JSON and tabular format.
COUNTER_SUSHI API A RESTful implementation of SUSHI automation intended to return COUNTER Release 5 reports and snippets of COUNTER usage in JSON format.
Crawler See Internet robot, crawler, spider.
Created COUNTER Element Name. The date and time the usage was prepared, in RFC3339 date-time format (yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ssZ).
Created by COUNTER Element Name. The name of the organization or system that created the COUNTER report.
Crossref A not-for-profit membership organization for publishers.
Customer An individual or organization that can access a specified range of the Content provider’s services and/or content and is subject to terms and conditions agreed with the Content provider.
Customer_ID The field in the COUNTER reports that indicates whose usage is being reported. May be a proprietary or standard value such as ISNI. ISNI=000000012150090X
Data harvesting Automated processes used for extracting data from websites.
Data_Repository An online database service; an archive that manages the long-term storage and preservation of digital resources and provides a catalogue for discovery and access.

 

A COUNTER host type.

Figshare
Data Types, Data_Type The field identifying type of content. COUNTER recognizes the following Data_Types:

·      Article

·      Book

·      Book Segment

·      Database

·      Dataset

·      Journal

·      Multimedia

·      Newspaper_Or_Newsletter

·      Other

·      Platform

·      Report

·      Repository Item

·      Thesis_Or_Dissertation

Database A collection of electronically stored data or unit records (facts, bibliographic data, texts) with a common user interface and software for the retrieval and manipulation of data. (NISO)

 

A COUNTER Data_Type used when reporting search activity at the database level.

Social Science Abstracts, Reaxys
Dataset See Data_Type.
Database Master Report A report that contains additional filters and breakdowns beyond those included in the standard COUNTER reports and are aggregated to the database level.
Delayed open access At the time of the transaction, the content item published in a subscription journal is free to read after an embargo period. See OA_Delayed.
Digital Object Identifier See DOI.
Discovery Layer A web-accessible interface for searching, browsing, filtering, and otherwise interacting with indexed metadata and content. The searches produce a single, relevancy-ranked results set, usually displayed as a list with links to full content, when available. Typically, discovery layers are customizable by subscribing libraries and may be personalized by individual users.

 

Discovery service

 

Discovery_Service

A pre-harvested central index coupled with fully featured discovery layer. EDS, Primo, Summon
Discovery services provider An organization that hosts a discovery service. EBSCOhost (EDS), ProQuest (Primo/Summon)
Distributed Usage Logging (DUL) A peer-to-peer channel for the secure exchange and processing of COUNTER-compliant private usage records from hosting platforms to publishers.
DNS lookups Domain Name System lookups.
DOI (digital object identifier) The digital object identifier is a means of identifying a piece of intellectual property (a creation) on a digital network, irrespective of its current location. (www.doi.org)

 

DOIs may be assigned at the title, article/chapter, or component level.

Double-click A repeated click on the same link by the same user within a period of 30 seconds.

 

COUNTER requires that double-clicks must be counted as a single click.

Double-click filtering A process to remove the potential of over-counting which could occur when a user clicks the same link multiple times. Double-click filtering applies to all metric types.
DR Database Master Report.
DR_D1 Database Search and Item Usage. A pre-set Standard View of DR showing total item investigations and requests, as well as searches.
DR_D2 Database Access Denied. A pre-set Standard View of DR showing where users were denied access because simultaneous use (concurrency) licenses were exceeded, or their institution did not have a license for the database.
DUL See Distributed Usage Logging (DUL).
eBook host A content host that provides access to eBook and reference work content. EBL, EBSCOhost, ScienceDirect
eBook, E-Book Monographic content that is published online.
EC Executive Committee.
eJournal Serial content that is published online.
eJournal host A content host that provides access to online serial publications (journals, conferences, newspapers, etc.) ScienceDirect
Element A piece of information to be reported on, displayed as a column heading (and/or in the Report Header) in a COUNTER report. Listed for each Master Report in section 4.
Embargo period The period of time before an article is moved out from behind the paywall, i.e. from Controlled to OA_Delayed.
End_Date The last date in the range for the usage represented in a COUNTER report.

 

Enhanced Version of Record A version of the Version of Record of a journal article that has been updated or enhanced by the provision of supplementary material. For example, multimedia objects such as audio clips and applets; additional XML-tagged sections, tables, or figures or raw data.
e-Resources Electronic resources.
Error_No A unique numeric code included as part of a COUNTER SUSHI exception that identifies the type of error that applies to a report.
Exception An optional element that may be included within a COUNTER report indicating some difference between the usage that was requested and the usage that is being presented in the report. An exception includes the following elements:

 

·      Error_No

·      Exception_Description

·      and the data itself.

3040: Partial Data Returned (request was for 2016-01-01 to 2016-12-31, but usage is only available to 2016-08-30).
Exclude_Monthly_Details Reporting_Period_Total column without month-by-month breakdowns.
Federated search A federated search application that allows users to simultaneously search multiple databases hosted by the same or different vendors with a single query from a single user interface. The end user is not responsible for selecting the database being searched. See Appendix G. MetaLib, EBSCOhost Connection
Filter See Report filter.
Format A COUNTER Element Name used to identify the format of the content. Reserved values include: HTML, PDF, Other.
Full-text database A database that consists of full-text articles or other non-textual content beyond bibliographic information and that is sold as a self-contained/pre-set grouping of data.
Full-text article The complete text—including all references, figures, and tables—of an article, plus links to any supplementary material published with it.
GDPR General Data Protection Regulation.
GET/status COUNTER_SUSHI API path. Returns the current status of the COUNTER_SUSHI API service.
GET/reports COUNTER_SUSHI API path. Returns a list of reports supported by the COUNTER_SUSHI API service.
GET/members COUNTER_SUSHI API path.  Returns the list of consortium members or sites for multi-site customers.
Gold Open Access See OA_Gold.
Host See Content host. Ingenta, Semantico, SpringerLink
Host Site See Content host.
Host types A categorization of Content Hosts used by COUNTER to facilitate implementation of the Code of Practice. The Code of Practice identifies the Host types that apply to the various artefacts in the Code of Practice, allowing a Content Host to quickly identify the areas of the Code of Practice to implement by identifying the Host Types categories that apply to them. ·

  • E-Journal
  • eBook
  • Multimedia
  • Aggregated Full Content
  • A&I Database
  • Discovery Service
  • Repository
  • Data Repository
  • Scholarly Collaboration Network
Host UI, host-site UI User interface that an end-user would use to access content on the Content host.
HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol.
Hybrid publication A publication that is available via a subscription license but also contains articles available as Gold Open Access.
Institution The organization for which usage is being reported.
Institution_ID A unique identifier for an institution. In COUNTER reports the Institution_ID is presented as a combination of the identifier type and its value. Proprietary identifiers that identify the content platform can be used. isni=000000012150090X

 

ebscohost=s12345

Institution_Name The field in the COUNTER reports that indicates the name of the institution.
Institutional identifier See Institution_ID.
Intermediary See Content provider.
Internet robot, crawler, spider Any automated program or script that visits websites and systematically retrieves information from them, often to provide indexes for search engines. See Appendix I.
Investigation A category of COUNTER metric types that represent a user accessing information related to a content item (i.e. an abstract or detailed descriptive metadata of an article) or a content item itself (i.e. full text of an article).
IP Internet Protocol.
IP address Internet protocol (IP) address of the computer on which the session is conducted. May be used by content providers as a means of authentication and authorization and for identifying the institution a user is affiliated with.

 

The identifying network address (typically four 8-bit numbers: aaa.bbb.cc.dd) of the user’s computer or proxy.

IR Item Master Report.
IR_A1 Journal Article Requests. A pre-set Standard View of IR showing total item requests for journal articles.
IR_M1 Multimedia Item Requests. A pre-set Standard View of IR showing total item requests for multimedia items.
ISBN (International Standard Book Number) A unique 13-digit number used to identify a book.
ISIL International Standard Identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations – https://english.slks.dk/work-areas/libraries/library-standards/isil/
ISNI (International Standard Name Identifier) A unique number used to identify authors, contributors, and distributors of creative works, including researchers, inventors, writers, artists, visual creators, performers, producers, publishers, aggregators, etc.

COUNTER defines ISNI as an optional identifier for an institution.

ISO International Organization for Standardization.
ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) A unique 8-digit number used to identify a print or electronic periodical publication. A periodical published in both print and electronic form may have two ISSNs, a print ISSN and an electronic ISSN.
Issue A collection of journal articles that share a specific issue number and are presented as an identifiable unit online and/or as a physically bound and covered set of numbered pages in print.
Issue date The date of release by the publisher to customers of a journal issue.

 

When used for COUNTER YOP (year of publication) reporting, the issue date of the print should be used when print and online issue dates differ.

Item Collective term for content that is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. a full-text article (original or a review of other published work), an abstract or digest of a full-text article, a sectional HTML page, supplementary material associated with a full-text article (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources such as an image, a video, audio, a dataset, a piece of code, or a chemical structure or reaction. Full text article, TOC, Abstract, Database record, Dataset, Thesis
Item Master Report A COUNTER report that provides usage data at the item or item-component level.
Item Reports A series of COUNTER reports that provide usage data at the item or item-component level.
Javascript Object Notation See JSON.
Journal A serial that is a branded and continually growing collection of original articles within a particular discipline.

 

A COUNTER data type.

Tetrahedron Letters
Journal DOI See DOI.
Journal Reports See Title Reports.
Journal Requests Journal content items retrieved.
JQuery A JavaScript library.
License A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.
Limit_Exceeded A COUNTER Metric_Type. User is denied access to a content item because the simultaneous user limit for their institution’s license would be exceeded.
Linking_ISSN International Standard Serial Number that links together the ISSNs assigned to all instances of a serial publication in the format nnnn-nnn[nX] (JSON reports only).
Log file analysis A method of collecting usage data in which the web server records all of its transactions.
Master Reports Reports that contain additional filters and breakdowns beyond those included in the standard COUNTER reports.
Metadata A series of textual elements that describes a content item but does not include the item itself. For example, metadata for a journal article would typically include publisher, journal title, volume, issue, page numbers, copyright information, a list of names and affiliations of the authors, author organization addresses, the article title and an abstract of the article, and keywords or other subject classifications.
Metadata provider An organization, such as a publisher, that provides descriptive article/item-level metadata to an online search service.
Metric Types, Metric_Types An attribute of COUNTER usage that identifies the nature of the usage activity. See Sections 4.1.3; 4.2.3; 4.3.3; 4.4.3. Total_Requests

Searches_Regular

Limit_Exceeded

 

Unique_Title_Requests

Monograph Text See Book.
Multimedia Non-textual media such as images, audio, and video.
Multimedia collection

 

Multmedia_Collection

A grouping of multimedia items that are hosted and searched as a single unit and behave like a database.

 

A COUNTER host type.

 

See also Database.

Multimedia host A content host that provides access to multimedia content.
Multimedia item An item of non-textual media content such as an image or streaming or downloadable audio or video files. (Does not include thumbnails or descriptive text/metadata.)
NISO The National Information Standards Organization is a United States non-profit standards organization that develops, maintains and publishes technical standards related to publishing, bibliographic and library applications. [Wikipedia]
Namespace A term primarily used in programming languages where the same name may be used for different objects. It is created to group together those names that might be repeated elsewhere within the same or interlinked programs, objects and elements.

For example, an XML namespace consists of element types and attribute names. Each of the names within that namespace is only related/linked to that namespace. The name is uniquely identified by the namespace identifier ahead of the name. For example, Namespace1_ John and Namespace2_John are same names but within different namespaces.

 

Newspaper or Newsletter Textual content published serially in a newspaper or newsletter.
No_License A COUNTER Metric_Type. User is denied access to a content item because the user or the user’s institution does not have access rights under an agreement with the vendor.
OA See Open access.
OA_Delayed A COUNTER Access_Type.

At the time of the transaction, the content item was available as open access because publisher’s embargo period had expired (delayed open access).

OA_Gold A COUNTER Access_Type. At the time of the transaction, the content item was immediately and permanently available as open access because an APC (article processing charge) has been paid. Content items may be in hybrid publication or fully open access publication.

 

Note that content items offered as delayed open access (open after an embargo period) would be classified as OA_Delayed.

OCLC OCLC (Online Computer Library Center). An American non-profit cooperative organization “dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world’s information and reducing information costs”. It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. [Wikipedia]
Online_ISSN A COUNTER identifier for the ISSN assigned to the online manifestation of a serial work.

 

See also ISSN.

1533-4406
Open access Open Access (OA) refers to online research outputs that are free of all restrictions on access (e.g. access tolls) and free of many restrictions on use (e.g. certain copyright and license restrictions). Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs. [Wikipedia]
ORCID An international standard identifier for individuals (i.e. authors) to use with their name as they engage in research, scholarship, and innovation activities.

 

A COUNTER identifier for item contributors.

 

See .http://orcid.org.

Other A content item or section that cannot be classified by any of the other data types.
Other_Free_to_Read A COUNTER Access_Type. At the time of the transaction, the content item was freely available for reading for reasons such as promotions. This also covers all journals where all articles are free to all users because the journal is funded through advertising.
Page tag Page-tagging is a method of collecting usage data that uses, for example, JavaScript on each page to notify a third-party server when a page is rendered by a web-browser.
Parent In COUNTER Item Reports the parent is the publication an item is part of. For a journal article, the parent is the journal, and for a book chapter it is the book.
Paywall A term used to describe the fact that a user attempting to access a content item must be authorized by license or must pay a fee before the content can be accessed.
PDF Portable Document Format, file formatted for the Adobe Acrobat reader. Items such as full-text articles or journals published in PDF format tend to replicate the printed page in appearance.
PHP Hypertext Preprocessor is a server-side scripting language designed for web development. The PHP reference implementation is now produced by The PHP Group. [Wikipedia]
Platform An interface from an aggregator, publisher, or other online service that delivers the content to the user and that counts and provides the COUNTER usage reports. Wiley Online Library, HighWire
Platform Master Report A Report that contains additional filters and breakdowns beyond those included in the standard COUNTER reports, and which are aggregated to the platform level.
Platform Reports A series of COUNTER reports that provide usage aggregated to the platform level.
Platform search Search conducted by users of a Platform.
Platform usage Activity across all metrics for entire platforms.
PR Platform Master Report.
PR_P1 Platform Usage. A pre-set Standard View of PR showing total and unique item requests, as well as platform searches.
Print_ISSN A COUNTER identifier for the ISSN assigned to the print manifestation of a work.

 

See also ISSN.

0028-4793
Proprietary Identifier See Proprietary_ID.
Proprietary_ID A COUNTER identifier for a unique identifier given by publishers and other content providers to a product or collection of products.
Provider ID A unique identifier for a content provider and used by discovery services and other content sites to track usage for content items provided by that provider.
Publication Date, Publication_Date An optional field in COUNTER item reports and Provider Discovery Reports.

The date of release by the publisher to customers of a content item.

Publisher An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information online and/or in printed form. Sage, Cambridge University Press
Publisher_ID A COUNTER identifier for a publisher’s unique identifier. In COUNTER reports the publisher ID is presented as a combination of identifier type and value.
R4 Release 4.
R5 Release 5.
Reference work An authoritative source of information about a subject used to find quick answers to questions. The content may be stable or updated over time.  

Dictionary, encyclopedia, directory, manual, guide, atlas, bibliography, index

References A list of works referred to in an article or chapter with sufficient detail to enable the identification and location of each work.
Registry of compliance The COUNTER register of content providers compliant with the COUNTER Code of Practice.
Regular A COUNTER Access_Method. Indicates that usage was generated by a human user browsing/searching a website, rather than by text and data mining processes.
Regular search A search conducted by a user on a host where the user is in control over which databases can be searched.
Release Version of the COUNTER Code of Practice.
Report Attribute, Report_Attributes A series of zero or more report attributes applied to the report. Typically, a report attribute affects how the usage is presented, but does not change the totals. Exclude_Report_Header;

Attributes_To_Show=Access_Type|YOP

Report filters In COUNTER reports the report filter can be used to limit the usage returned. Data_Type=journal
Report_ID The alphanumeric identifier of a specific report Standard View.  

DR_D1: Database Search and Item Usage.

TR_J3, Journal Usage by Access Type

 

 

Report item attributes A series of elements that describe the nature of usage for an item and may include Access_Type, YOP, etc.
Report name

Report_Name

The name of a COUNTER report. Journal Title Report 1
Report validation tool See COUNTER Report Validation Tool.
Reporting period, Reporting_Period The total time period covered in a usage report.
Repository A host who provides access to an institution’s research output. Includes subject repositories, institution, department, etc. Cranfield CERES
Repository item A content item hosted in a repository, including one that consists of one or more digital objects such as text files, audio, video or data, described by associated metadata.
Request A category of COUNTER Metric Types that represents a user accessing content (i.e. full text of an article). Total_Item_Requests
Requestor ID A system-generated hash identifier that uniquely identifies a requestor session.
Required reports The COUNTER reports that Host_Types are required to provide.
Research data Data that supports research findings and may include databases, spreadsheets, tables, raw transaction logs, etc.
RESTful COUNTER_SUSHI API A RESTful implementation of SUSHI automation intended to return COUNTER Release 5 reports and snippets of COUNTER usage in JSON format.
Return code Defined and maintained by W3C (http://www.w3.org/Protocols/HTTP/HTRESP.html).
Robot See Internet robot, crawler, spider.
Scholarly Collaboration Network A service used by researchers to share information about their work. Mendeley, Reddit/Science
Scholarly Collaboration Network data aggregator A host who provides access to metrics on communications and interactions on scholarly collaboration networks. Altmetric.com
Screen scraping The action of using a computer program to copy data from a website.
Search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the search form of the online service to the server.
Search engine A service that allows users to search for content via the World Wide Web.
Searches_Regular A COUNTER Metric Type used to report on searches conducted by a user on a host where the user is in control over which databases can be searched.

 

Note: If a search is conducted across multiple databases, each database searched can count that search.

 

See also Regular Search.

Searches_Automated A COUNTER Metric Type used to report searches conducted through a discovery service or by an automated search agent.

 

See also Automated Search.

Searches_Federated A COUNTER Metric Type used to report searches conducted through a federated search service. See Appendix G.

 

See also Federated search.

Searches_Platform A COUNTER Metric Type used to report searches conducted on a platform.

 

Note: Searches conducted against multiple databases on the platform will only be counted once.

Section The first level of subdivision of a book or reference work. Chapter, entry
Section Types, Section_Type A COUNTER attribute that identifies the type of section that was accessed by the user. Article, book, chapter
Serial A publication in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. This definition includes periodicals, newspapers, and annuals (reports, yearbooks, monographic series). (NISO)
Server-side scripting language Server-side scripting is a technique used in web development which involves employing scripts on a web server which produce a response customized for each user’s request to the website. The alternative is for the web server itself to deliver a static web page. [Wikipedia]
Service See Content host. ScienceDirect, Academic Universe
Session A successful request of an online service. A single user connects to the service or database and ends by terminating activity that is either explicit (by leaving the service through exit or logout) or implicit (timeout due to user inactivity). (NISO)
Session cookie A data file that a web server can place on a browser to track activity by a user and attribute that usage to a session.
Session ID A unique identifier for a single user session or, in case of a double-click, multiple clicks on the same link within 30 seconds of each other.
Sites See Hosts.
Spider See Internet robot, crawler, spider.
Standard View A pre-defined version of a Master report, designed to meet the most common needs. Book Requests (Excluding OA_Gold)

Journal Article Requests

 

Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative See SUSHI.
SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.

 

COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports.

 

COUNTER compliance requires content hosts to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.

TAB Separated Value See TSV.
TDM Text and data mining (TDM) is a computational process whereby text or datasets are crawled by software that recognizes entities, relationships, and actions. (STM Publishers)

 

An Access_Method in a COUNTER report used to separate regular usage from usage that represents access to content for the purposes of text and data mining.

Text and data mining See TDM.
Thesis_Or_Dissertation A COUNTER data type.

 

Dissertation: a long essay on a particular subject, especially one written as a requirement for the Doctor of Philosophy degree.

 

Thesis: a long essay or dissertation involving personal research, written by a candidate for a college degree.

 

Title The name of a book, journal, or reference work.
Title Master Report A report that contains additional filters and breakdowns beyond those included in the standard COUNTER reports and are aggregated to publication title level rather than towards individual articles/chapters.
Title Reports A series of COUNTER reports where usage is aggregated to the publication title level.
TLS (HTTPS) Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol, Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) protocol.
Total_Items_Investigations A COUNTER Metric_Type that represents the number of times users accessed the content (i.e. full text) of an item, or information describing that item (i.e. an abstract).
Total_Item_Requests A COUNTER Metric_Type that represents the number of times users requested the full content (i.e. full text) of an item. Requests may take the form of viewing, downloading, emailing, or printing content, provided such actions can be tracked by the content provider’s server.
TR Title Report.
TR_B1 Book Requests (Excluding “OA_Gold”). A pre-set book filter of TR showing full text activity for all content which is not Gold Open Access.

Numbers between sites will vary based on whether the content is delivered as a complete book or by chapter.

TR_B2 Book Access Denied. A pre-set book filter of TR showing where users were denied access because simultaneous use (concurrency) licenses were exceeded, or their institution did not have a license for the database.
TR_B3 Book Usage by Access Type. A pre-set book filter of TR showing all applicable metric types broken down by Access_Type.
TR_J1 Journal Requests (Excluding OA_Gold). A pre-set journal filter of TR showing full text activity for all content which is not Gold Open Access.
TR_J2 Journal Accessed Denied. A pre-set journal filter of TR showing all applicable metric types broken down by Access_Type.
TR_J3 Journal Usage by Access Type. A pre-set journal filter of TR showing all applicable metric types broken down by Access_Type.
TR_J4 Journal Requests by YOP (excluding OA_Gold). A pre-set journal filter of TR breaking down the full text usage of non-Gold Open Access content by year of publication (YOP).
Transaction A usage event.
TSV Tab Separated Values.
Turnaway See Access denied.
Unique item Matchless content item.
Unique_Item_Investigations A COUNTER Metric Type that represents the number of unique Content Items investigated in a user-session.
Unique_Item_ Requests A COUNTER Metric Type that represents the number of unique content items requested in a user-session. Examples of items are articles, book chapters, and multimedia files.
Unique title Matchless book title.
Unique_Title_ Investigations A COUNTER Metric Type that represents the number of unique titles investigated in a user-session. Examples of titles are journals and books.
Unique_Title_Requests A COUNTER Metric Type that represents the number of unique titles requested in a user session. Examples of titles are journals and books.
URI In information technology, a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) is a string of characters used to identify a resource. Such identification enables interaction with representations of the resource over a network, typically the World Wide Web, using specific protocols. [Wikipedia]

 

An optional element on a COUNTER report used to identify the item for which usage is being reported.

URL Uniform Resource Locator. The address of a World Wide Web page.
URN Uniform Resource Name, which identifies a resource by name in a particular namespace.
Usage attributes Fields or elements used to classify or qualify COUNTER usage for analysis. Access_Type

Access_Method

YOP

User A person who accesses the online resource.
User agent An identifier that is part of the HTTP/S protocol that identifies the software (i.e. browser) being used to access the site. May be used by robots to identify themselves.
User cookie A small piece of data sent from a website and stored on the user’s computer by the user’s web browser while the user is browsing.
User session See Session.
UTF-8 UTF-8 is a variable width character encoding capable of encoding all 1,112,064 valid code points in Unicode using one to four 8-bit bytes. The encoding is defined by the Unicode Standard, and was originally designed by Ken Thompson and Rob Pike. The name is derived from Unicode Transformation Format – 8-bit. [Wikipedia]
Vendor A publisher or other online information provider who delivers licensed content to the customer and with whom the customer has a contractual relationship. Taylor & Francis, EBSCO
Version of Record A fixed version of a journal article that has been made available by any organization that acts as a publisher that formally and exclusively declares the article “published”.
W3C The World Wide Web Consortium is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web. [Wikipedia]
XML  eXtensible Markup Language.
Year of Publication See YOP.
YOP Calendar year in which an article, item, issue, or volume is published.

 

For the COUNTER_YOP attribute, use the year of publication for the print when it differs from the online.

Z39.50 An international standard protocol created by NISO for search. A Z39.50 client can search any Z39.50-compatible online service. Often used by federated search services to facilitate searching content at other sites.

 

 

Sections and Appendices »

Sections

Foreword Abstract Conventions 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Overview 3.0 Technical Specifications for COUNTER Reports 4.0 COUNTER Reports 5.0 Delivery of COUNTER Reports 6.0 Logging Usage 7.0 Processing Rules for Underlying COUNTER Reporting Data 8.0 SUSHI for Automated Report Harvesting 9.0 Audit 10.0 Other Compliance Topics 11.0 Extending the Code of Practice 12.0 Continuous Maintenance 13.0 Transitioning from Previous Releases or to New Reporting Services 14.0 Change History Appendices and Guides Appendix A: Glossary of Terms Appendix B: Changes from Previous Releases Appendix C Vendor/Aggregator/Gateway Declaration of COUNTER Compliance Appendix D Guidelines for Implementation Appendix E: Audit Requirements and Tests Appendix F: Handling Errors and Exceptions Appendix G: List of Federated Search Products Appendix H: Sample COUNTER Master Reports and Views Appendix I: List of internet robots, crawlers and spiders

Appendices

Appendix E: Audit Requirements and Tests

Appendix E

Download Appendix E

Audit Requirements and Tests

Table of Contents

  1. General Audit Requirements
  • Third party hosts and vendors
  • Auditing and test scripts
    • Frequency of the audit
    • COUNTER Usage Reports for which an independent audit is required
    • General conditions for carrying out an audit test
  1. The Required Audit Outputs
  2. The Required Audit Tests
  • Stage 1 – Report Format
  • Stage 2 – Data Integrity
    • Platform Reports
      1. Master: PR
      2. Standard View: PR_P1
    • Database Reports
      1. Master: DR
      2. Standard View: DR_D1
      3. Standard View: DR_D2
    • Title Reports
      1. Master: TR
      2. Standard View: TR_B1
      3. Standard View: TR_B2
      4. Standard View: TR_B3
      5. Standard View: TR_J1
      6. Standard View: TR_J2
      7. Standard View: TR_J3
      8. Standard View: TR_J4
    • Item Reports
      1. Master: IR
      2. Standard View: IR_A1
      3. Standard View: IR_M1
    • Stage 3 – Report Delivery

1. General Auditing Requirements

Audit Philosophy

The COUNTER audit procedures and tests set out in this Appendix seek to ensure that the usage reports provided by content providers are in line with the COUNTER Code of Practice and follow uniform agreed procedures. To this end, the COUNTER audit seeks to mirror the activity of an institution (a customer) carrying out usage on the content provider’s platform.

 

Third Party Hosts and Vendors

Two broad categories must be taken into account for usage statistics reporting, and each has additional audit requirements. These categories are:

  • Third-party hosts: Some publishers have their online content hosted by a third party that provides standard usage statistics reporting as part of a broader hosting service. In these cases, it is the third-party host that is audited. For the audit the third-party host must provide the auditor with a list of all publishers hosted by them and the COUNTER Reports and Standard Views offered by each. The auditor will then select a minimum of two publishers at random from the list and carry out the audit tests as specified below on the selected publishers.
  • Third-party vendors: Some publishers use third-party companies that provide bespoke usage-statistics reporting services, where the solutions used may differ significantly for each client publisher. In this case the third-party vendor See also “Content Provider”. A publisher An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information online and/or in printed formor other online information provider who delivers licensed content to the customer An individual or organization that can access a specified range of the “Content provider’s” services and/or content and is subject to terms and conditions agreed with the “Content provider”and with whom the customer An individual or organization that can access a specified range of the “Content provider’s” services and/or content and is subject to terms and conditions agreed with the “Content provider”has a contractual relationship.must provide the auditor with a list of all their client publishers and the COUNTER Reports and Standard Views offered by each. The auditor will then select 10% of the publishers (up to a maximum of 5, with a minimum of 2) from this list and carry out the audit tests specified below.

 

No two third-party hosts/vendors are exactly alike. Prior to the audit each must discuss with COUNTER how they provide usage statistics reporting so that COUNTER can advise which of the two categories above applies to them.

Auditing and Test-Scripts

There are three stages in the COUNTER audit:

  • Stage 1: Format. Here the auditor reviews usage reports to confirm that they adhere to the COUNTER Code of Practice specification, not only in terms of overall format, but to make sure relevant identifiers, such as ISSNs and ISBNs, are presented correctly. Deviations from the specified COUNTER-compliant format, such as blank rows not required by the code specification or incorrectly formatted ISSNs, can cause problems when the COUNTER usage reports are processed automatically.
  • Stage 2: Data Integrity. Here the auditor confirms that the usage statistics reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.accurately record the activity carried out by the auditor during the audit. This includes checking that the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.provides consistent usage statistics when its reports are accessed using different browsers, including Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Mozilla Firefox as a minimum. Note: COUNTER will review the selected browsers annually. The selection may change in the future, depending on which browsers are most widely used.
  • Stage 3: Report Delivery. Here the auditor tests that the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.has implemented SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.  COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports. COUNTER compliance requires “Content Providers” to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.correctly and that its reports can be accessed using SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.  COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports. COUNTER compliance requires “Content Providers” to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.according to the instructions supplied by the content provider (which must comply with the NISO/COUNTER SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.  COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports. COUNTER compliance requires “Content Providers” to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.standard). Implementation of SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.  COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports. COUNTER compliance requires “Content Providers” to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.is a requirement for compliance and is covered by the Declaration of COUNTER Compliance signed by all compliant content providers. Delivery of reports via Excel or .tab separated value (TSV) file will still be required as specified in the COUNTER Code of Practice.

 

COUNTER defines specific audit test-scripts for each of the COUNTER-required usage reports. Because content providers may work with different auditors, the test-scripts help to ensure that each auditor follows a common auditing procedure.

 

The COUNTER auditor cannot express an opinion as to usage reported in respect of any other accounts or institutions, or as to aspects of the COUNTER Code of Practice, not specifically tested. Release 5-compliant content providers are reminded, however, that their signed Declaration of COUNTER compliance also covers these aspects of the COUNTER Code of Practice.

a. Frequency of the Audit

To maintain COUNTER-compliant status an independent audit is required within 6 months of a content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.being listed in the Register of COUNTER Compliant Content Providers and annually thereafter. (Excepted are content providers that are members of COUNTER in the Smaller Publisher An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information online and/or in printed formcategory, which may be audited biennially, with permission from COUNTER). Failure to meet these audit requirements will result in a content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.losing its COUNTER-compliant status.

 

If COUNTER does not receive a satisfactory auditor’s report within the specified time, the following control procedures apply:

 

New content providers having signed the Declaration of Compliance:

 

6 months after signing A reminder from COUNTER that the first auditor’s report is required
8 months after signing A final reminder from COUNTER that the first auditor’s report is required
9 months after signing The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.is removed from the registry and is notified by COUNTER that they are non-compliant and must not make reference to COUNTER or use the COUNTER logo.

 

Content providers previously audited:

 

3 months following the due audit date A reminder from COUNTER that an auditor’s report is required
2 months following the due audit date A further reminder from COUNTER that an auditor’s report is required
5 months following the due audit date A final reminder from the Chair of the COUNTER Executive Committee that an auditor’s report is required
6 months following the due audit date The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.is removed from the registry and is notified by COUNTER that they are non-compliant and must not make reference to COUNTER or use the COUNTER logo.

 

b. COUNTER Usage Reports for which an Independent Audit is Required

Independent audits are required for COUNTER reports according to host type(s). See Table 1 (below).

 

Table 1: COUNTER Reports Requiring Audit

 

Category Report ID (for SUSHI) R5 Report Name Master Report / Standard View Host Type
Platform PR Platform Master Report Master All
Platform PR_P1 Platform Usage Standard View All
Database DR Database Master Report Master – Aggregated Full Content

– A&I Database

– Discovery Service

– eBook Collections

– Multimedia Collection

Database DR_D1 Database Searches and Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.Usage Standard View – Aggregated Full Content

– A&I Database

– Discovery Service

– eBook Collections

– Multimedia Collection

Database DR_D2 Database Access Denied Standard View – Aggregated Full Content

– A&I Database

– Discovery Service

– eBook Collections

– Multimedia Collection

Title TR Title Master Report Master – Aggregated Full Content

– eBooks

– eBook Collections

– eJournals

Title TR_B1 Book Requests (excluding “OA_Gold”) Standard View – Aggregated Full Content

– eBooks

– eBook Collections

Title TR_B2 Book Access Denied Standard View – eBooks

– eBook Collections

Title TR_B3 Book Usage by Access Type Standard View – Aggregated Full Content

– eBooks

– eBook Collections

Title TR_J1 Journal Requests (excluding “OA_Gold”) Standard View – Aggregated Full Content

– eJournals

Title TR_J2 Journal Access Denied Standard View – eJournals
Title TR_J3 Journal Usage by Access Type Standard View – Aggregated Full Content

– eJournals

Title TRr_J4 Journal Requests by YOP (excluding “OA_Gold”) Standard View – Aggregated Full Content

– eJournals

Item IR Item Master Report Master – Data Repository

– Multimedia Collection

– Repository

– Scholarly Collaboration Network

Item IR_A1 Journal Article An item of original written work published in a “Journal”, other serial publication, or in a “Book”. An “Article” is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of “References”, if it has one. A COUNTER “Data_Type” used to identify and filter usage of content defined as “Articles”.Requests Standard View – Repository
Item IR_M1 Multimedia Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.Requests Standard View – Multimedia Collection

 

c. General Conditions for Carrying out an Audit Test

COUNTER defines a reporting period The total time period covered in a usage report.as a calendar month. A report run for any given month MUST reflect all activity of a customer An individual or organization that can access a specified range of the “Content provider’s” services and/or content and is subject to terms and conditions agreed with the “Content provider”for the entire month in question.

 

This applies also to auditing activity. An auditor should always finalize the audit tests within one and the same calendar month. During the audit period, all activity on the audit accounts not instigated by the auditor should be prevented, as this will make the test reports unreliable and may result in further audit tests that may incur additional costs.

 

To prevent any collision of reported data, an auditor should be allowed to set up and maintain separate accounts for each of the audit tests. All accounts should be set up in such a way that only the auditor carrying out a test can access the content provider’s platform.

 

Prior to the audit, the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.must supply to the auditor:

  1. Account details for at least 4 separate accounts with access to all areas required to be tested (or specific restrictions for turn-away testing).
  2. Links to download usage reports in all required formats. COUNTER usage reports must be provided as tabular versions, which can be easily imported into Microsoft Excel pivot tables.
  3. SUSHI credentials for the test accounts to enable verification of SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.  COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports. COUNTER compliance requires “Content Providers” to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.harvesting and formatting of the harvested reports.
  4. A declaration that federated and automated searches have been disaggregated from any searches reported. See the COUNTER Code of Practice for further information on the protocols that apply to federated and automated searches.
  5. If server-side caching is implemented, information on cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings used should be provided. Note: Server-side caching can cause a discrepancy between the usage recorded in the audit tests and the usage reported by the content provider. Information on cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings enables the auditor to take them into account when evaluating the results of the report tests. If the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not provide this information, the auditor is likely to require further audit tests that may incur additional costs.

2. The Required Audit Outputs

If the auditor identifies one or more issues, the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.MUST resolve them and pass the audit within 3 months to maintain COUNTER-compliant status. Please see section 9.2 in the COUNTER Code of Practice.

 

The auditor will provide to the COUNTER Executive Committee a summary report including, as a minimum, the following information:

  1. The name of the content provider
  2. The audit period and date
  3. The usage report(s) tested
  4. For each usage report tested, the test results, indicated as a % of the reported figures over the expected
  5. A summary of any material issues noted with the format/structure, data integrity, and/or delivery of the content provider’s reports. If there are no issues, a PASS should be noted.
  6. A clear indication of the outcome of the audit: PASS, QUALIFIED PASS, or FAIL.
  7. Any other comments that relate to the audit and are worthy of consideration by the COUNTER Executive Committee.

 

Sample Audit Report:

 

Content Provider <name>
Audit Period <mmm/yyyy> Date <mmm/yyyy>
 

Report

 

Usage Activity Result

Report Format  

Data Integrity

Delivery  

Opinion

 

Comments

Tabular SUSHI Reports Interface SUSHI

Server

TR_J1 100% PASS PASS PASS PASS PASS PASS
TR_B1 112% PASS REPORT TOTALS included PASS PASS PASS FAIL SUSHI versions of reports must not have totals.

 

A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.may need to submit multiple audit reports, some of which may PASS and some of which may FAIL. The results of each report’s tests should be submitted on a separate line. For a content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.to maintain COUNTER-compliant status, each audited report must PASS.

 

3. The Required Audit Tests

Stage 1. Report Format: Checking the report layout and file-format against the COUNTER Code of Practice

The auditor will confirm that each of the audit reports complies with the COUNTER Code of Practice.

The following items will be checked:

  • The layout of the report (headers/footers, number of fields, field sequence, totals field, and format of reported numbers)
  • The conformity of identifiers to the required standard (e.g. ISSNs must be provided as nine digits, with a hyphen as the middle digit)
  • The presence of all required file formats (a Microsoft Excel file, a tab-separated value (TSV) file, or a file that can be easily imported into Microsoft Excel)
  • That email alerts are set to report usage reports updated in a timely manner
  • Flexibility in the reporting period The total time period covered in a usage report.so customers can specify the start and end months of data reported in the COUNTER reports
  • That COUNTER usage reports are available in JSON format in accordance with the COUNTER JSON schema specified by SUSHI. (Schema may be found on the NISO/SUSHI website at: http://www.niso.org/schemas/sushi/)
  • That COUNTER schema covers all the COUNTER usage reports.
  • That the JSON formatted report produced via SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.  COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports. COUNTER compliance requires “Content Providers” to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.matches the total of the relevant usage counted on the equivalent .tsv/Excel report offered by the content provider, i.e. A report should produce the same results irrespective of the format in which it is delivere

 

Stage 2. Data Integrity: Checking the usage numbers as reported

The audit-test must be conducted in such a way that the auditor’s activities during the audit-test can be isolated from other activities on the content provider’s site. Depending on the site being tested, the auditor must conduct the audit-test from a computer with a unique IP address Internet Protocol (IP) address of the computer on which the session is conducted and may be used by content providers as a means of authentication and authorization and for identifying the institution a user is affiliated with. The identifying network address (typically four 8-bit numbers, aaa.bbb.cc.dd) of the user's computer or proxy.and/or using a unique account number.

The auditor must accept user/machine and session A successful “Request” of an online service. It starts when a user connects to the service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)or “Database” and ends by terminating activity that is either explicit (by leaving the service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)through exit or logout) or implicit (timeout due to user inactivity). (NISO)cookies when prompted.

Platform Reports

Master Report: PR

The Platform An interface from a “Content Provider” that delivers the content to the user A person who accesses the online resourceand that counts and provides the COUNTER usage reports.Master Report will be COUNTER-compliant if the following Standard View passes the COUNTER Audit and the figures reported within it are matching what is reported in the Master Report.

Standard View: PR_P1

Platform Usage: A Standard View of the Platform An interface from a “Content Provider” that delivers the content to the user A person who accesses the online resourceand that counts and provides the COUNTER usage reports.Master Report offering platform-level usage summarized by “Metric_Type”.

 

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. The auditor must have access to all databases as made available on the platform An interface from a “Content Provider” that delivers the content to the user A person who accesses the online resourceand that counts and provides the COUNTER usage reports.of the content provider.

 

  1. Audit-test P1-1: “Searches_Platform”
  • Option 1: Platform has multiple databases, and it is possible to search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.over all databases, selected subset of databases, or a single database.
    The auditor must run 100 searches on the platform, including 50 searches against only 1 selected database, 25 against 2 selected databases, and 25 against all databases. Each of these searches must report 1 “Searches_Platform” in the PR_P1 Standard View.
    Option 2: Platform has multiple databases, and it is possible to search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.over all databases or a single database.
    The auditor must run 100 searches on the platform, including 50 searches against only 1 selected database and 50 against all databases. Each of these searches must report 1 “Searches_Platform” in the PR_P1 Standard View.
    Option 3: Platform has a single database.
    The auditor must run 50 searches on the platform, with all 50 searches run against the 1 database. Each of these searches must report 1 “Searches_Platform” in the PR_P1 Standard View.
  • All searches, including those returning 0 results, must be reported as a “Searches_Platform” in the PR_P1 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each search.
  • Each time a search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.is conducted, the auditor will record the search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.term, the database searched, and the number of results returned.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the searches reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in PR_P1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the searches on the auditor’s report.

 

 

    1. Audit-test P1-2: “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests”
      Option 1: Platform has multiple databases.
      The auditor must make 100 requests on a subset of the unique items made available to them.
      This must result in 100 “Total_Item_Requests” and 100 “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the PR_P1 Standard View.

      • Multiple paths should be used to make the requests. When possible, 50% of items requested should be via browsing the platform An interface from a “Content Provider” that delivers the content to the user A person who accesses the online resourceand that counts and provides the COUNTER usage reports.and 50% via searching. If either browsing to items or accessing items via searching is not possible, then 100% of items requested can be requested via the only available option. The user A person who accesses the online resourcemay think they are browsing a list but are in fact triggering searches. For this reason, requests via browsing may deliver unexpected searches, however the end Item/Title will always be as expected.
      • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
      • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in PR_P1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the searches on the auditor’s report.

       

      Audit-test P1-Option 2: Platform has a single database.
      The auditor must make 50 requests on a subset items made available to them.
      This must result in 50 “Total_Item_Requests” and 50 “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the PR_P1 Standard View.

  • The “Unique_Title_Requests” being reported in the PR_P1 Standard View will be determined by the number of unique titles noted by the auditor during the testing.
    Option 2: Platform has multiple databases that do not include titles.
    The auditor must make 100 requests on a subset of the unique items made available to them.
    This must result in 100 “Total_Item_Requests” and 100 “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the PR_P1 Standard View. The number of “Unique_Title_Requests” being reported will be 0.
    Option 3: Platform has a single database, which includes titles.
    The auditor must make 50 requests on items made available to them, including 25 requests against items not within titles (if available) and 25 requests against Items within titles (if available).
    If the platform An interface from a “Content Provider” that delivers the content to the user A person who accesses the online resourceand that counts and provides the COUNTER usage reports.does not have content that is within a Title, then all 50 requests must be made to Items within titles.
    Each title must have 5 Items requested within it (reporting 5 “Total_Item_Requests”, 5 “Unique_Item_Requests”, and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).
    It may not be possible to know which Title the Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.being requested belongs to prior to the delivery of the Item. In this case, the titles containing the Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.must be noted by the auditor upon request.
    This must result in 50 “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the PR_P1 Standard View.
    The “Unique_Title_Requests” being reported in the PR_P1 Standard View will be determined by the number of unique titles noted by the auditor during the testing.
    Option 4: Platform has a single database, which does not include titles.
    The auditor must make 50 requests on items made available to them.
    This must result in 50 “Total_Item_Requests” and 50 “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the PR_P1 Standard View. The number of “Unique_Title_Requests” being reported will be 0.

 

  • Multiple paths should be used to make the requests. When possible, 50% of items requested should be via browsing the platform An interface from a “Content Provider” that delivers the content to the user A person who accesses the online resourceand that counts and provides the COUNTER usage reports.and 50% via searching. If either browsing to items or accessing items via searching is not possible, then 100% of items requested can be requested via the only available option. The user A person who accesses the online resourcemay think they are browsing a list but are in fact triggering searches. For this reason, requests via browsing may deliver unexpected searches, however the end Item/Title will always be as expected.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in PR_P1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the searches on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. Audit-test P1-3: “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” 30-second filters
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period whether or not they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.
  • The audit test consists of clicking links to an item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Requests” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between them, then 2 “Total_Item_Requests” must be counted. In both cases only 1 “Unique_Item_Requests” will be reported. If the Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.being requested is within a Title, then the Title the Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.is within must be noted by the auditor and the “Unique_Title_Requests” will also report only 1.

The auditor must carry out a total of 30 tests on the platform, and each test will consist of 2 requests. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:

  • “Inside” tests (Two identical requests are made, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made within 30 seconds of the first).
  • “Outside” tests (Two identical requests are made, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made more than 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 15 inside tests.
This must result in 15 “Total_Item_Requests” and 15 “Unique_Item_Requests” in the PR_P1 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
The audit must carry out 15 outside tests.
This must result in 30 “Total_Item_Requests” and 15 “Unique_Item_Requests” in the PR_P1 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in PR_P1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

Audit tests P1-1, P1-2 and P1-3 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit-test can be separately reported.

Database Reports

Master Report: DR

The Database Master Report will be COUNTER-compliant if the following Standard Views pass the COUNTER audits and the figures reported within them match what is reported in the Master Report.

Any Standard View that is not applicable to the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not require auditing. This must be agreed prior to the audit by COUNTER.

Standard View: DR_D1

Databases Searches and Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.Usage: Reports on key search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.and request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)metrics needed to evaluate a database.

 

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. The auditor must have access to all databases available on the platform An interface from a “Content Provider” that delivers the content to the user A person who accesses the online resourceand that counts and provides the COUNTER usage reports.of the content provider.

 

  1. Audit-test D1-1: “Searches_Regular” and “Searches_Automated”
  • Option 1: The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.offers multiple databases, and it is possible to search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.over all databases, a selected subset of databases, or a single database.
    The auditor must run 100 searches, including 50 against only 1 selected database, 25 against 2 selected databases, and 25 against all databases (without actively choosing).
    Each of these searches on a single database must report 1 “Searches_Regular” in the DR_D1 Standard View.
    Each of these searches over 2 databases must report 1 “Searches_Regular” against each of the selected databases in the DR_D1 Standard View.
    Each of these searches over all databases must report 1 “Searches_Automated” against each of the databases offered by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in the DR_D1 Standard View.

Option 2: The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.has multiple databases, and it is possible to search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.over all databases or a single database.

The auditor must run 100 searches, including 50 against only 1 selected database and 50 against all databases (without actively choosing).

Each of these searches on a single database must report 1 “Searches_Regular” in the DR_D1 Standard View.

Each of these searches over all databases must report 1 “Searches_Automated” against each of the databases offered by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in the DR_D1 Standard View.

Option 3: The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.has a single database.

The auditor must run 50 searches against the 1 database. Each of these searches must report 1 “Searches_Regular” in the DR_D1 Standard View.

  • All searches, including those returning 0 results, must be reported as a “Searches_Platform” in the DR_D1 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each search.
  • Each time a search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.is conducted, the auditor will record the search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.term, the database searched, and the number of results returned.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the searches reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in DR_D1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the searches on the auditor’s report

 

  1. Audit-test D1-2: “Total_Item_Requests”
  • The auditor must make 100 requests on a subset of unique Items made available.
    This must result in 100 “Total_Item_Requests” reported in the DR_D1 Standard View.
  • Multiple paths should be used to make the requests. When possible, 50% of items requested should be via browsing and 50% via searching. If either browsing to items or accessing items via searching is not possible, then 100% of items requested can be requested via the only available option. The user A person who accesses the online resourcemay think they are browsing a list but in fact be triggering searches. For this reason making requests via browsing may deliver unexpected searches, however the end Item/Title will always be as expected.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in DR_D1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. Audit-test D1-3: “Total_Item_Requests” 30-second filters
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period whether or not they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.
  • The audit-test consists of making an Item Request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Requests” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between them, then 2 “Total_Item_Requests” must be counted.
  • The auditor must carry out a total of 30 tests, and each test will consist of 2 requests. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:
  • “Inside” tests (The 2 requests are made to the same item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made within 30 seconds of the first).
  • “Outside” tests (The 2 requests are made to the same item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made more than 30 seconds after the first).
    The auditor must carry out 15 inside tests.
    This must result in 15 “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the DR_D1 Standard View.
    The audit must carry out 15 outside tests.
    This must result in 30 “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the DR_D1 Standard View.
    This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in DR_D1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. Audit-test D1-4: “Total_Item_Investigations”
    IMPORTANT NOTE: This test does not need to be carried out where the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not offer Investigations that are not also Requests. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.
  • The auditor must make 100 Investigations on a subset of unique Items made available to them.
    This must result in 100 “Total_Item_Investigations”.
  • Multiple paths should be used to make the Investigations. When possible, 50% of Items Investigations should be via browsing and 50% via searching. If either browsing to item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.investigations or accessing item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.investigations via searching is not possible, then 100% of item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.investigations can be made via the only available option. The user A person who accesses the online resourcemay think they are browsing a list, but in fact be triggering searches. For this reason investigations made via browsing may deliver unexpected searches, however the end Investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).will always be as expected.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in DR_D1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations” on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. Audit-test D1-5: “Total_Item_Investigations” 30-second filters
    IMPORTANT NOTE: This test does not need to be carried out where the Content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not offer Investigations that are not also Requests. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period if they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.
  • The audit-test consists of making an Item Investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Investigations” made must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between, then 2 “Total_Item_Investigations” must be counted.
  • The auditor must carry out a total of 30 tests, and each test will consist of 2 item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.investigations. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:
    • “Inside” tests (Two item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.investigations are made to the same item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.the second Item Investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is made within 30 seconds of the first).
    • “Outside” tests (Two item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.investigations are made to the same item, and the second item investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is made more than 30 seconds after the first).
      The auditor must carry out 15 inside tests.
      This must result in 15 “Total_Item_Investigations” being reported in the DR_D1 Standard View.
      The audit must carry out 15 outside tests.
      This must result in 30 “Total_Item_Investigations” being reported in the DR_D1 Standard View.
      This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Total_Item_Investigations” reported by the Content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in DR_D1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Total_Item_Investigations” on the auditor’s report.
  1. If the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not offer investigations that are not also requests, the following figure being reported as a result of the D3-1 and D3-2 audit tests must match in the DR_D1 Standard View: “Total_Item_Requests” must match “Total_Item_Investigations”

Audit tests D1-1, D1-2 and D1-3, D1-4 and DB1-5 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Standard View: DR_D2

Databases Access Denied: Reports on access-denied activity for databases where users were denied access because simultaneous-user licenses were exceeded or their institution The organization for which usage is being reported.did not have a license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.for the database.

 

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. Audit-test D2-1: “Limit_Exceeded”
    IMPORTANT NOTE: This test cannot be carried out if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not offer a concurrent/simultaneous user A person who accesses the online resourcelimit. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.
  • The account used for this testing must have concurrent/simultaneous-user limit set, and the number of registered users concurrently allowed must be declared by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.prior to the testing. Ideally the account should allow a single active user A person who accesses the online resourceon the site requesting access to the database. This means that a second user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing the database would be turned away.
  • Option 1: The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.turns the user A person who accesses the online resourceaway when the concurrent/simultaneous-user limit is exceeded upon login.

The auditor will log into the site. This means that the user A person who accesses the online resourcelimit is at maximum active users.

The auditor will then attempt to log into the site using a different computer. The auditor should then be refused access because of exceeding the concurrent/simultaneous-user limit. Each time access is refused, the auditor will record this as “Limit_Exceeded”.

The auditor must force 50 “Limit_Exceeded” turnaways during testing.

Each of these concurrent/simultaneous turnaways must report 1 “Limit_Exceeded” in the DR_D2 Standard View.

Option 2: The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.turns the user A person who accesses the online resourceaway when the concurrent/simultaneous user A person who accesses the online resourcelimit is exceeded upon searching or accessing a database.

The auditor will log into the site. This means that the user A person who accesses the online resourcelimit is at maximum active users. The user A person who accesses the online resourcewill then select and make a search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.on a database (or browse to a database).

The auditor will then log into the site using a different computer. The auditor will then repeat the action made on the previous computer (select and make a search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.on a database or browse to a database). After the search A user-driven intellectual query, typically equated to submitting the “Search” form of the online service A branded group of online information products from one or more vendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as a complete service, or at a lower level (e.g. a collection)to the server.has been made (or database browsed to) the user A person who accesses the online resourceshould then be refused access because of exceeding the concurrent/simultaneous-user limit. Each time access is refused, the auditor will record this as “Limit_Exceeded”.

The auditor must force 50 “Limit_Exceeded” turnaways during testing.

Each of these concurrent/simultaneous turnaways must report 1 “Limit_Exceeded” in the DR_D2 Standard View.

Option 3: The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.turns the user A person who accesses the online resourceaway when the concurrent/simultaneous-user limit is exceeded upon accessing an Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.within a database.

The auditor will log into the site. This means that the user A person who accesses the online resourcelimit is at maximum active users. The user A person who accesses the online resourcewill then navigate to and request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)an Item.

The auditor will then log into the site using a different computer. The auditor will then repeat the action made on the previous computer (navigate to and request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)an Item). After the Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.has been requested the user A person who accesses the online resourceshould then be refused access because of exceeding the concurrent/simultaneous-user limit. Each time access is refused, the auditor will record this as “Limit_Exceeded”.

The auditor must force 50 “Limit_Exceeded” turnaways during testing.

Each of these concurrent/simultaneous turnaways must report 1 “Limit_Exceeded” in the DR_D2 Standard View.

 

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each search.

 

  • Each time a turnaway User is denied access to a content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.because the user A person who accesses the online resourceor the user’s institution The organization for which usage is being reported.does not have access rights under an agreement with the content provider.is made, the auditor will record the database on which the turnaway User is denied access to a content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.because the user A person who accesses the online resourceor the user’s institution The organization for which usage is being reported.does not have access rights under an agreement with the content provider.was produced. (In the case of turning away at log in, the database will be “All”).

 

  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the turnaways reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in DR_D2 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the turnaways on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. Audit-test D2-2: “No_License”

IMPORTANT NOTE: This test cannot be carried out if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not restrict site content or if restricted content is not displayed. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.

  • The account used for this testing must have restricted access to content, and the content for which the user A person who accesses the online resourcehas no license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.to access must be declared by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.prior to the testing. Alternatively, the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.may declare the content that the user A person who accesses the online resourcedoes have license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.to access.

 

  • The auditor will attempt to access content to which the account being used does not have access. Each time access is refused, the auditor will record “No_License”.
    The auditor must force 50 “No_License” turnaways during testing.
    Each of these “No License” turnaways must report 1 “No_License” in the DR_D2 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each search.
  • Each time a turnaway User is denied access to a content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.because the user A person who accesses the online resourceor the user’s institution The organization for which usage is being reported.does not have access rights under an agreement with the content provider.is made, the auditor will record the database on which the turnaway User is denied access to a content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.because the user A person who accesses the online resourceor the user’s institution The organization for which usage is being reported.does not have access rights under an agreement with the content provider.was produced.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the turnaways reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in DR_D2 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the turnaways on the auditor’s report.

Audit tests D2-1 and D2-2 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

 

Title Reports

Master Report: TR

The Title Master Report Reports which contain additional filters and breakdowns beyond those included in the standard COUNTER reports, and are aggregated to publication “Title” level rather than towards individual “Articles”/”Chapters”.will be COUNTER-compliant if the following Standard Views pass the COUNTER audits and the figures reported within them match what is reported in the Master Report.

Any Standard View that is not applicable to the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not require auditing, this must be agreed prior to the audit by COUNTER.

Standard View: TR_B1

Book Requests (excluding “OA_Gold”): Reports on full-text activity for non-Gold open access “Open Access” (“OA”) refers to online research outputs that are free of all restrictions on access (e.g. access tolls) and free of many restrictions on use (e.g. certain copyright and license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.restrictions). “Open Access” can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed academic “Journal” “Articles”, conference papers, theses, “Book” “Chapters”, and monographs. [wikipedia]books as “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests”. The “Unique_Title_Requests” view provides comparable usage across book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.platforms. The “Total_Item_Requests” view shows overall activity; however, numbers between sites will vary significantly based on how the content is delivered (e.g. delivered as a complete book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.or by chapter.)

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. The auditor must have access to all book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.content available by the content provider.
  1. The “Access_Type” for all requests must be “Controlled” and not “OA_Gold”.
  1. Audit-test B1-1: “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests”
  • The auditor must make a total of 100 requests on a subset of unique Items within book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.titles.
    Each title must have 5 Items requested within it (reporting 5 “Total_Item_Requests” and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).
    This must result in 100 “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_B1 Standard View.
    This must result in 20 “Unique_Title_Requests” being reported in the TR_B1 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_B1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests” on the auditor’s report.
  1. Audit-test B1-2: “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests” 30-second filters
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period whether or not they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.
  • The audit test consists of clicking links to an Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.within a book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.title twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Requests” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between, then 2 “Total_Item_Requests” must be counted. In both cases only 1 “Unique_Title_Requests” will be reported.
  • The auditor must carry out a total of 32 test, and each test will consist of 2 requests. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:
  • “Inside” tests (Two requests are made to the same Item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made within 30 seconds of the first).
  • “Outside” tests (Two requests are made to the same Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made more than 30 seconds after the first).The auditor must carry out 16 inside tests.

Where possible, each title must have 2 Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.tests within it (reporting 1 “Total_Item_Requests” and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).

This must result in 16 “Total_Item_Requests” and 8 “Unique_Title_Requests” in the TR_B1 Standard View.

This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

The audit must carry out 16 outside tests.

Where possible, each title must have 2 Items requested within it (reporting 2 “Total_Item_Requests” and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).

This must result in 30 “Total_Item_Requests” and 8 “Unique_Title_Requests” in the TR_B1 Standard View.

This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

  • The auditor must allow at least 32 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A Content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests” reported by the Content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_B1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

Audit tests B1-1 and B1-2 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Standard View: TR_B2

Book Access Denied: Reports on access denied An attempt by a user A person who accesses the online resourceto access content that was denied because their institution lacked a proper license or simultaneous user A person who accesses the online resourcelimits specified in the license were exceeded.activity for books where users were denied access because simultaneous-user licenses were exceeded or their institution The organization for which usage is being reported.did not have a license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.for the book.

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. Audit-test B2-1: “Limit_Exceeded”

IMPORTANT NOTE: This test cannot be carried out if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not offer a concurrent/simultaneous user A person who accesses the online resourcelimit. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.

  • The account used for this testing must have concurrent/simultaneous-user limit set for book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.title/items and the number of registered users concurrently allowed must be declared by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.prior to the testing. Ideally the account should allow a single active user A person who accesses the online resourceto access books. (This means that a second user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing books will be turned away).
  • The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.turns the user A person who accesses the online resourceaway when the concurrent/simultaneous-user limit is exceeded for books.

The auditor will log into the site and access a book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, this means that the user A person who accesses the online resourcelimit is at maximum active users.

The auditor will then log into the site using a different computer. The auditor will then repeat the action made on the previous computer (access a book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item). After the item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.has been requested the user A person who accesses the online resourceshould then be refused access because of exceeding the concurrent/simultaneous user A person who accesses the online resourcelimit. Each time access is refused, the auditor will record this as “Limit_Exceeded”.

The auditor must force 50 “Limit_Exceeded” turnaways during testing.

Each of these concurrent/simultaneous turnaways must report 1 “Limit_Exceeded” in the TR_B2 Standard View.

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each request.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Limit_Exceeded” turnaways reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_B2 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Limit_Exceeded” turnaways on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. Audit-test B2-2: No_License
    IMPORTANT NOTE: This test cannot be carried out if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not restrict site content or where restricted content is not displayed. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.
  • The account used for this testing must have restricted access to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.content, and the book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.content that the user A person who accesses the online resourcehas no license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.to access must be declared by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.prior to the testing. Alternatively, the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.may declare the content to which the user A person who accesses the online resourcedoes have license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.to access.
  • The auditor will attempt to access book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.content that the account being used does not have access to. Each time access is refused, the auditor will record “No_License”.

The auditor must force 50 “No_License” during testing.

Each of these Book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.content not licensed turnaways must report 1 “No_License” in the TR_B2 Standard View.

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each search.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “No_License” turnaways reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_B2 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “No_License” turnaways on the auditor’s report.

Audit tests B2-1 and B2-2 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Standard View: TR_B3

Book Usage by Access Type: Reports on book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.usage showing all applicable metric types An attribute of COUNTER usage that identifies the nature of the usage activity.broken down by “Access_Type”

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. The auditor must have access to all book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.content available by the content provider.

 

  1. Audit-test B3-1:Total_Item_Requests, “Unique_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests”
  • Option 1: content provider offers “OA_Gold” Items in addition to “Controlled”.

The auditor must make a total of 100 requests on a subset of unique Items within book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.titles (50 requests to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.Items where the “Access_Type” is “Controlled”, and 50 requests to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.items where the “Access_Type” is “OA_Gold”).

Each title must have 5 items requested within it (reporting 5 “Total_Item_Requests”, 5 Unique_Item_Requests and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).

This must result in 50 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Requests” and 50 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 50 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Requests” and 50 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 10 OA_Gold “Unique_Title_Requests” and 10 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Requests” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

Option 2: Content provider does not offer “OA_Gold” items.

The auditor must make a total of 100 requests on a subset of unique Items within book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.titles.

Where possible, each title must have 5 items requested within it (reporting 5 “Total_Item_Requests”, 5 “Unique_Item_Requests”, and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).

This must result in 100 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 100 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 20 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Requests” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

 

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.

 

  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests”, “Unique_Item_Requests”, and “Unique_Title_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_B3 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests”, “Unique_Item_Requests”, and “Unique_Title_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. Audit-test B3-2: “Total_Item_Requests”, “Unique_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests” 30-second filters
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period whether or not they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.

 

  • The audit-test consists of clicking links to an Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.within a book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.title twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Requests” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between, then 2 “Total_Item_Requests” must be counted. In both cases only 1 “Unique_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests” will be reported.

 

  • Option 1: Content provider offers “OA_Gold” items in addition to “Controlled” items.
    The auditor must carry out a total of 32 tests, and each test will consist of 2 requests. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:

    • “Inside” tests (Two requests are made to the same book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made within 30 seconds of the first).
    • “Outside” tests (Two requests are made to the same book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made over 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 16 inside tests (8 tests to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.items where the Access_Type A COUNTER attribute used to report on the nature of access control restrictions, if any, placed on the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.at the time when the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.was accessed.is “Controlled” and 8 tests to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.items where the Access_Type A COUNTER attribute used to report on the nature of access control restrictions, if any, placed on the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.at the time when the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.was accessed.is “OA_Gold”).

Where possible, each title must have 2 book item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.tests within it (reporting 2 “Total_Item_Requests”, 2 “Unique_Item_Requests”, and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Requests” and 8 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Requests” and 8 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 4 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Requests” and 4 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Title_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

(This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.)

The auditor must carry out 16 outside tests (8 tests to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.items where the Access_Type A COUNTER attribute used to report on the nature of access control restrictions, if any, placed on the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.at the time when the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.was accessed.is “Controlled” and 8 tests to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.items where the Access_Type A COUNTER attribute used to report on the nature of access control restrictions, if any, placed on the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.at the time when the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.was accessed.is “OA_Gold”).

Where possible, each title must have 2 book item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.tests within it (reporting 4 “Total_Item_Requests”, 2 “Unique_Item_Requests”, and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).

This must result in 16 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Requests” and 16 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Requests” and 8 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 4 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Requests” and 4 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Title_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

(This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.)

Option 2: Content provider does not offer “OA_Gold” Items.

The auditor must carry out a total of 32 tests, and each test will consist of 2 requests. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:

  • “Inside” tests (Two requests are made to the same book item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made within 30 seconds of the first).
  • “Outside” tests (Two requests are made to the same book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made over 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 16 inside tests.

Where possible, each title must have 2 book item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.tests within it (reporting 2 “Total_Item_Requests” and 2 “Unique_Item_Requests” and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).

This must result in 16 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 16 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

(This may not be the case if the Content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.)

The auditor must carry out 16 outside tests.

Each title must have 2 book item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.tests within it (reporting 4 “Total_Item_Requests”, 2 “Unique_Item_Requests”, and 1 “Unique_Title_Requests”).

This must result in 32 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 16 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Requests” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

(This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.)

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests”, “Unique_Item_Requests”, and “Unique_Title_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_B3 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests”, “Unique_Item_Requests”, and “Unique_Title_Requests” on the auditor’s report.
  1. Audit-test B3-3: “Total_Item_Investigations”, “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and Unique_Title_Invstigations
    IMPORTANT NOTE: This test does not need to be carried out if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not offer investigations that are not also requests. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.
  • Option 1: Content provider offers “OA_Gold” Items in addition to “Controlled”.

The auditor must make a total of 50 item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.investigations within a subset of book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.titles (25 Investigations of items within a book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.where the Access_Type A COUNTER attribute used to report on the nature of access control restrictions, if any, placed on the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.at the time when the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.was accessed.is “Controlled”, and 25 investigations of items within a book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.where the Access_Type A COUNTER attribute used to report on the nature of access control restrictions, if any, placed on the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.at the time when the content item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.was accessed.is “OA_Gold”).

Each title must have 5 investigations to unique Items within it (reporting 5 “Total_Item_Investigations”, 5 “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and 1 Unique_Title_Investigations).

This must result in 25 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Investigations” and 25 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 25 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Investigations” and 25 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 5 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Title_Investigations” and 5 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Investigations” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

Option 2: Content provider does not offer “OA_Gold” Items.

The auditor must make a total of 50 Investigations within a subset of book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.titles.

Each title must have 5 investigations to unique items within it (reporting 5 “Total_Item_Investigations”, 5 “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and 1 “Unique_Title_Investigations”).

This must result in 50 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 50 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 10 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Investigations” being reported in the TR_B3 Standard View.

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations”, “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and “Unique_Title_Investigations” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_B3 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations”, “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and “Unique_Title_Investigations” on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. Audit test B3-4: “Total_Item_Investigations”, “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and “Unique_Title_Investigations” 30-second filters
    IMPORTANT NOTE: This test does not need to be carried out if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not offer investigations that are not also requests. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period whether or not they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.

 

  • The audit test consists of clicking links to an investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).of an item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.within a book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.title twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Investigations” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between, then 2 “Total_Item_Investigations” must be counted. In both cases only 1 “Unique_Item_Investigations” and “Unique_Title_Investigations” will be reported.

 

  • Option 1: Content provider offers “OA_Gold” Items in addition to “Controlled”.
    The auditor must carry out a total of 32 tests, and each test will consist of 2 item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.investigations. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:

    • “Inside” tests (Two investigations are made to the same book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, and the second investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is made within 30 seconds of the first).
    • “Outside” tests (Two investigations are made to the same book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, and the second investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is made more than 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 16 inside tests (8 Investigations to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.items where the “Access_Type” is “Controlled” and 8 investigations to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.items where the “Access_Type” is “OA_Gold”).

Each title must have 2 book item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.tests within it (reporting 2 “Total_Item_Investigations”, 2 “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and 1 “Unique_Item_Investigations”).

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” and 8 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” and 8 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 4 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Investigations” and 4 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Title_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

The auditor must carry out 16 outside tests (8 tests to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.items where the “Access_Type” is “Controlled” and 8 tests to book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.items where the “Access_Type” is “OA_Gold”).

Each title must have 2 book item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.tests within it (reporting 4 “Total_Item_Investigations”, 2 “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and 1 “Unique_Title_Investigations”).

This must result in 16 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” and 16 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” and 8 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 4 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Investigations” and 4 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Title_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

Option 2: Content provider does not offer “OA_Gold” items.

The auditor must carry out a total of 32 tests, and each test will consist of 2 item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.investigations. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:

  • “Inside” tests (Two investigations are made to the same book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, and the second investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is made within 30 seconds of the first).
  • “Outside” tests (Two investigations are made to the same book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, and the second investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is made more than 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 16 inside tests.

Each title must have 2 book item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.tests within it (reporting 2 “Total_Item_Investigations”, 2 “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and 1 “Unique_Title_Investigations”).

This must result in 16 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 16 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

The auditor must carry out 16 outside tests.

Each title must have 2 book item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.tests within it (reporting 4 “Total_Item_Investigations”, 2 “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and 1 “Unique_Title_Investigations”).

This must result in 32 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 16 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Title_Investigations” in the TR_B3 Standard View.

This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

 

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.

 

  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations”, “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and “Unique_Title_Investigations” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_B3 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations”, “Unique_Item_Investigations”, and “Unique_Title_Investigations” on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. If the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not offer Investigations that are not also requests, the following figure being reported as a result of the B3-1 and B3-2 audit tests must match in the TR_B3 Standard View:
    “Total_Item_Requests” must match “Total_Item_Investigations”
    “Unique_Item_Requests” must match “Unique_Item_Investigations”
    “Unique_Title_Requests” must match “Unique_Title_Investigations”

Audit tests B3-1, B3-2, B3-3, and B3-4 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Standard View: TR_J1

Journal Requests (excluding “OA_Gold”): Reports on usage of non-Gold open access “Open Access” (“OA”) refers to online research outputs that are free of all restrictions on access (e.g. access tolls) and free of many restrictions on use (e.g. certain copyright and license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.restrictions). “Open Access” can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed academic “Journal” “Articles”, conference papers, theses, “Book” “Chapters”, and monographs. [wikipedia]journal content as “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests”. The “Unique_Item_Requests” provides comparable usage across journal platform An interface from a “Content Provider” that delivers the content to the user A person who accesses the online resourceand that counts and provides the COUNTER usage reports.by reducing the inflationary effect that occurs when an HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browsersfull text automatically displays and the user A person who accesses the online resourcethen accesses the PDF Portable Document Format, file formatted for the Adobe Acrobat reader. Items such as full-text articles or journals published in PDF format tend to replicate the printed page in appearanceversion. The “Total_Item_Requests” shows overall activity.

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. The auditor must have access to all journal content available by the content provider.

 

  1. The “Access_Type” for all requests must be “Controlled” and not “OA_Gold”.

 

  1. Audit-test J1-1: “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests”
  • The auditor must make a total of 100 requests on a subset of unique Journal Items.
    This must result in 100 “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_J1 Standard View.
    This must result in 100 “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_J1 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_J1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.
  1. Audit-test J1-2: “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” 30-second filters
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period whether or not they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.
  • The audit-test consists of clicking links to a journal item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Requests” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between, then 2 “Total_Item_Requests” must be counted. In both cases only 1 “Unique_Item_Requests” will be reported.
  • The auditor must carry out a total of 30 tests, and each test will consist of 2 requests. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:
    • “Inside” tests (Two requests are made to the same journal item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made within 30 seconds of the first).
    • “Outside” tests (Two requests are made to the same journal item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made over 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 15 inside tests.
This must result in 15 “Total_Item_Requests” and 15 “Unique_Item_Requests” in the TR_J1 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
The audit must carry out 15 outside tests.
This must result in 30 “Total_Item_Requests” and 15 “Unique_Item_Requests” in the TR_J1 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_J1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

Audit tests J1-1 and J1-2 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Standard View: TR_J2

Journal Accessed Denied: Reports on Access Denied An attempt by a user A person who accesses the online resourceto access content that was denied because their institution lacked a proper license or simultaneous user A person who accesses the online resourcelimits specified in the license were exceeded.activity for journal content where users were denied access because simultaneous-user licenses were exceeded or their institution The organization for which usage is being reported.did not have a license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.for the title.

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. Audit-test J2-1: “Limit_Exceeded”

IMPORTANT NOTE: This test cannot be carried out where the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not offer a concurrent/simultaneous-user limit. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.

  • The account used for this testing must have a concurrent/simultaneous-user limit set for journal items, and the number of registered users concurrently allowed must be declared by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.prior to the testing. Ideally, the account should allow a single active user A person who accesses the online resourceto access journals. This means that a second user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing journals will be turned away.
  • The content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.turns the user A person who accesses the online resourceaway when the concurrent/simultaneous-user limit is exceeded for journals.
    The auditor will log into the site and access a journal item. This means that the user A person who accesses the online resourcelimit is at maximum active users.
    The auditor will then log into the site using a different computer. The auditor will then repeat the action made on the previous computer (access a journal item). After the Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.has been requested, the user A person who accesses the online resourceshould then be refused access because of exceeding the concurrent/simultaneous-user limit. Each time access is refused, the auditor will record this as “Limit_Exceeded”.
    The auditor must force 50 “Limit_Exceeded” turnaways during testing.
    Each of these concurrent/simultaneous turnaways must report 1 “Limit_Exceeded” in the TR_J2 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each request.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Limit_Exceeded” turnaways reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_J2 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Limit_Exceeded” turnaways on the auditor’s report.

 

  1. Audit-test J2-2: “No_License”

IMPORTANT NOTE: This test cannot be carried out if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not restrict site content or where restricted content is not displayed. This must be declared to the auditor and the COUNTER Executive Committee prior to testing.

  • The account used for this testing must have restricted access to journal content, and the journal content that the user A person who accesses the online resourcehas no license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.to access must be declared by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.prior to the testing. Alternatively, the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.may declare the content that the user A person who accesses the online resourcedoes have license A contract or agreement that provides an organization or individual (licensee) with the right to access certain content.to access.
  • The auditor will attempt to access journal content that the account being used does not have access to. Each time access is refused, the auditor will record “No_License”.
    The auditor must force 50 “No_License” turnaways during testing.
    Each of these journal content not licensed turnaways must report 1 “No_License” in the TR_J2 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each search.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “No_License” turnaways reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_J2 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “No_License” turnaways on the auditor’s report.

Audit tests J2-1 and J2-2 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Standard View: TR_J3

Journal Usage by Access Type: Reports on usage of journal content for all metric types An attribute of COUNTER usage that identifies the nature of the usage activity.broken down by access type.

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. The auditor must have access to all journal content available by the content provider.
  1. Audit-test J3-1:Total_Item_Requests and “Unique_Item_Requests”
  • Option 1: Content provider offers “OA_Gold” items in addition to “Controlled”.
    The auditor must make a total of 100 requests on a subset of unique journal Items (50 requests to journal Items where the “Access_Type” is “Controlled” and 50 requests to journal items where the “Access_Type” is “OA_Gold”).
    This must result in 50 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Requests” and 50 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_J3 Standard View.
    This must result in 50 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Requests” and 50 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_J3 Standard View.
    Option 2: Content provider does not offer “OA_Gold” Items.
    The auditor must make a total of 100 requests on a subset of unique journal Items.
    This must result in 100 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_J3 Standard View.
    This must result in 100 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_J3 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_J3 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.
  1. Audit-test J3-3: “Total_Item_Investigations” and “Unique_Item_Investigations”
  • Option 1: Content provider offers “OA_Gold” Items in addition to “Controlled”.
    The auditor must make a total of 50 investigations to a subset of unique journal items (25 Investigations of journal items where the “Access_Type” is “Controlled” and 25 Investigations of journal items where the “Access_Type” is “OA_Gold”).
    This must result in 25 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Investigations” and 25 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” being reported in the TR_J3 Standard View.
    This must result in 25 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Investigations” and 25 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” being reported in the TR_J3 Standard View.
    Option 2: Content provider does not offer “OA_Gold” Items.
    The auditor must make a total of 50 investigations to a subset of unique Journal Items.
    This must result in 50 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” being reported in the TR_J3 Standard View.
    This must result in 50 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” being reported in the TR_J3 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.

A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations” and “Unique_Item_Investigations” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_J3 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations” and “Unique_Item_Investigations” on the auditor’s report

  1. Audit test J3-4: “Total_Item_Investigations” and “Unique_Item_Investigations” 30-second filters
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period whether or not they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.
  • The audit-test consists of clicking links to an Investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).of a Journal Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Requests” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between them, then 2 “Total_Item_Requests” must be counted. In both cases only 1 “Unique_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Title_Requests” will be reported.
  • Option 1: Content provider offers “OA_Gold” Items in addition to “Controlled”.
    The auditor must carry out a total of 30 tests, and each test will consist of 2 Investigations. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:

    • “Inside” tests (Two investigations are made to the same journal item, and the second investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is made within 30 seconds of the first).
    • “Outside” tests (Two investigations are made to the same journal item, and the second investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is made more than 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 15 inside tests (8 tests to journal items where the “Access_Type” is “Controlled” and 7 tests to journal items where the “Access_Type” is “OA_Gold”).
This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” and 7 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Investigations” in the TR_J3 Standard View.
This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” and 7 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Investigations” in the TR_J3 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
The auditor must carry out 15 outside tests (8 tests to journal items where the “Access_Type” is “Controlled” and 7 tests to journal items where the “Access_Type” is “OA_Gold”).
This must result in 16 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” and 14 “OA_Gold” “Total_Item_Investigations” in the TR_J3 Standard View.
This must result in 8 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” and 7 “OA_Gold” “Unique_Item_Investigations” in the TR_J3 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
Option 2: Content provider does not offer “OA_Gold” Items.
The auditor must carry out a total of 30 tests, and each test will consist of 2 Investigations. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:

  • “Inside” tests (Two investigations are made to the same book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, and the second investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is made within 30 seconds of the first).
  • “Outside” tests (Two investigations are made to the same book A non-serial publication of any length available in print (in hard or soft covers or in loose-leaf format) or in electronic format. A COUNTER “Data_Type”.item, and the second investigation A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing information related to a “Content Item” (i.e. “Abstract” or detailed descriptive “Metadata” of an “Article”) or a “Content Item” itself (i.e. full text of an article).is more than 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 15 inside tests.
This must result in 15 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” in the TR_J3 Standard View.
This must result in 15 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” in the TR_J3 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
The auditor must carry out 15 outside tests.
This must result in 30 “Controlled” “Total_Item_Investigations” in the TR_J3 Standard View.
This must result in 15 “Controlled” “Unique_Item_Investigations” in the TR_J3 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations” and “Unique_Item_Investigations” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_J3 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Investigations” and “Unique_Item_Investigations” on the auditor’s report.

Audit tests J3-1, J3-2, J3-3, and J3-4 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Standard View: TR_J4

Journal Requests by “YOP” (excluding “OA_Gold”): Breaks down the usage of non-Gold pen Access journal content by year of publication (“YOP”) providing counts for the metric types “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests”. Provides the details necessary to analyze usage of content in backfiles or covered by perpetual access agreement. Note: COUNTER reports do not provide access model or perpetual access rights details.

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. The auditor must have access to all journal content available by the content provider.
  1. The “Access_Type” for all requests must be “Controlled” and not “OA_Gold”.
  1. The auditor must record the Year of Publication (“YOP”) of every item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.accessed during audit testing.
  1. The auditor must ensure that some full-text articles from different years of the same journal are requested during the J4-1 and J4-2 tests. Hence, the auditor should know the numbers expected to appear against each Year of Publication (“YOP”) in the TR_J4 report.
  1. Audit-test J4-1: “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests”
  • The auditor must make a total of 100 requests on a subset of unique Journal Items.
    This must result in 100 “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_J4 Standard View.
    This must result in 100 “Unique_Item_Requests” being reported in the TR_J4 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_J4 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

The auditor must confirm the Year of Publication (“YOP”) of articles covered in J4-1 with appropriate and proportionate spot checks, unless the article An item of original written work published in a “Journal”, other serial publication, or in a “Book”. An “Article” is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of “References”, if it has one. A COUNTER “Data_Type” used to identify and filter usage of content defined as “Articles”.is “YOP unknown”.

  1. Audit-test J4-2: “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” 30-second filters
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period whether or not they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.
  • The audit-test consists of clicking links to a Journal Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Requests” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between, then 2 “Total_Item_Requests” must be counted. In both cases only 1 “Unique_Item_Requests” will be reported.
  • The auditor must carry out a total of 30 tests, and each test will consist of 2 requests. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:
    • “Inside” tests (Two Item requests Number of items requested by users as a result of a user request, action, or search. User requests include viewing, downloading, emailing and printing of items, where this activity can be recorded and controlled by the server rather than the browser. Turnaways will also be counted. (See 3.1.5.4)are made to the same journal item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made within 30 seconds of the first).
    • “Outside” tests (Two item requests Number of items requested by users as a result of a user request, action, or search. User requests include viewing, downloading, emailing and printing of items, where this activity can be recorded and controlled by the server rather than the browser. Turnaways will also be counted. (See 3.1.5.4)are made to the same journal item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made more than 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 15 inside tests.
This must result in 15 “Total_Item_Requests” and 15 “Unique_Item_Requests” in the TR_J4 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
The audit must carry out 15 outside tests.
This must result in 30 “Total_Item_Requests” and 15 “Unique_Item_Requests” in the TR_J4 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in TR_J1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” and “Unique_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

The auditor must confirm the Year of Publication (YOP) of articles covered in J4-2 with appropriate and proportionate spot checks, unless the article An item of original written work published in a “Journal”, other serial publication, or in a “Book”. An “Article” is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of “References”, if it has one. A COUNTER “Data_Type” used to identify and filter usage of content defined as “Articles”.is “YOP unknown”.
Audit tests J4-1 and J4-2 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Item Reports

Master Report: IR

The Item Master Report Reports which contain additional filters and breakdowns beyond those included in the standard COUNTER reports, and are reported at the “Content Item” level, such as individual “Articles”, “Books” and “Chapters”.will be COUNTER compliant if the following Standard Views pass the COUNTER audits and the figures reported within them match what is reported in the Master Report.

Any Standard View that is not applicable to the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.does not require auditing. This must be agreed prior to the audit by COUNTER.

Standard View: IR_A1

Reports on journal article An item of original written work published in a “Journal”, other serial publication, or in a “Book”. An “Article” is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of “References”, if it has one. A COUNTER “Data_Type” used to identify and filter usage of content defined as “Articles”.requests at the article An item of original written work published in a “Journal”, other serial publication, or in a “Book”. An “Article” is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of “References”, if it has one. A COUNTER “Data_Type” used to identify and filter usage of content defined as “Articles”.level. This report is limited to content with a “Data_Type” of Journal, “Section_Type” of article, and metric types An attribute of COUNTER usage that identifies the nature of the usage activity.of “Total_Item_Requests”.

 

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

The auditor must have access to all journal article An item of original written work published in a “Journal”, other serial publication, or in a “Book”. An “Article” is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of “References”, if it has one. A COUNTER “Data_Type” used to identify and filter usage of content defined as “Articles”.content available by the content provider.

 

  1. Audit-test A1-1: “Total_Item_Requests”
  • The auditor must make a total of 100 requests on a subset of journal article An item of original written work published in a “Journal”, other serial publication, or in a “Book”. An “Article” is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of “References”, if it has one. A COUNTER “Data_Type” used to identify and filter usage of content defined as “Articles”.Items.
    This must result in 100 “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the IR_A1 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in IR_A1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.
  1. Audit-test A1-2: “Total_Item_Requests” 30-second filters
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period whether or not they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.
  • The audit-test consists of clicking links to a Journal Article Item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Requests” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between, then 2 “Total_Item_Requests” must be counted.
  • The auditor must carry out a total of 30 tests, and each test will consist of 2 requests. There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:
    • “Inside” tests (Two requests are made to the same journal article An item of original written work published in a “Journal”, other serial publication, or in a “Book”. An “Article” is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of “References”, if it has one. A COUNTER “Data_Type” used to identify and filter usage of content defined as “Articles”.item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made within 30 seconds of the first).
    • “Outside” tests (Two requests are made to the same journal article An item of original written work published in a “Journal”, other serial publication, or in a “Book”. An “Article” is complete, but usually cites other relevant published works in its list of “References”, if it has one. A COUNTER “Data_Type” used to identify and filter usage of content defined as “Articles”.item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made more than 30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 15 inside tests.
This must result in 15 “Total_Item_Requests” in the IR_A1 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
The audit must carry out 15 outside tests.
This must result in 30 “Total_Item_Requests” in the IR_A1 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in IR_A1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

Audit tests A1-1 and A1-2 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Standard View: IR_M1

Reports on multimedia Non-textual media such as images, audio and video.requests at the item Collective term for content which is reported at a high level of granularity, e.g. “Full Text Article” (original or a review of other published work); an “Abstract” or digest of a “Full Text Article”; a sectional HTML Article formatted in HTML so as to be readable by a web browser Hypertext Markup Language. A form of text markup readable by web browserspage; supplementary material associated with a “Full Text Article” (e.g. a supplementary data set), or non-textual resources, such as an image, a video, audio, dataset, piece of code, chemical structure or reaction.level.

An audit of this Standard View requires the following:

  1. The auditor must have access to all multimedia Non-textual media such as images, audio and video.content available by the content provider.

 

  1. Audit-test M1-1: “Total_Item_Requests”
  • The auditor must make a total of 100 requests on a subset of multimedia Non-textual media such as images, audio and video.items.
    This must result in 100 “Total_Item_Requests” being reported in the IR_M1 Standard View.
  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each test.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in IR_M1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.
  1. Audit-test M1-2: “Total_Item_Requests” 30-second filters
  • To ensure that the report is counting correctly as per the COUNTER Code of Practice, it is important that the browser cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.settings of the machines used for testing are disabled. It is also important that the auditee confirms before the audit period if they operate a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server. If they do, this test will not report as the Code of Practice expects and is likely to under-report successive searches outside the double-click Repeated click on the same link by the same user A person who accesses the online resourcewithin a period of 30 seconds. COUNTER requires that that double-clicks that occur in an interval of 30 seconds or less must be removed.threshold.
  • The audit-test consists of clicking links to a multimedia item An “Item” of non-textual media content such as an image, streaming or downloadable audio or video files. (Does not include thumbnails or descriptive text/“Metadata”)twice in succession (double-clicks). If the two clicks occur within a 30-second time-span, only the second “Total_Item_Requests” must be recorded. If the two clicks occur with more than 30 seconds between, then 2 “Total_Item_Requests” must be counted.
  • The auditor must carry out a total of 30 tests, and each test will consist of 2 requests). There are 2 types of tests that must be carried out:
    • “Inside” tests (Two requests are made to the same multimedia item An “Item” of non-textual media content such as an image, streaming or downloadable audio or video files. (Does not include thumbnails or descriptive text/“Metadata”)and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made within 30 seconds of the first).
    • “Outside” tests (Two requests are made to the same multimedia Non-textual media such as images, audio and video.item, and the second request A category of COUNTER “Metric Type” that represent a user A person who accesses the online resourceaccessing content (i.e. full text of an “Article”)is made more than30 seconds after the first).

The auditor must carry out 15 inside tests.
This must result in 15 “Total_Item_Requests” in the IR_M1 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.
The audit must carry out 15 outside tests.
This must result in 30 “Total_Item_Requests” in the IR_M1 Standard View.
This may not be the case if the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.operates a cache Automated system that collects items from remote servers to serve closer and more efficiently to a given population of users. Often populated by robots or modern browsers (qv). Note: Content Providers take steps to prevent local caching of their content, i.e. including appropriate headers on their site to restrict this.server.

  • The auditor must allow at least 31 seconds between each of the 30 tests.
  • A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will pass this audit test when the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” reported by the content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.in IR_M1 Standard View for the auditor’s test account is within a -8% and +3% reliability window of the sum of the “Total_Item_Requests” on the auditor’s report.

Audit tests M1-1 and M1-2 must take place in separate accounts so that each audit test can be separately reported.

Stage 3. Report Delivery: Checking delivery of the reports

In addition to verifying the delivery of reports in a tabular format, the auditor will check that the COUNTER reports are downloadable using the SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.  COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports. COUNTER compliance requires “Content Providers” to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.protocol. This may be tested using the COUNTER Report Validation Tool, an open-source tool that provides a series of web-forms and guidance to take users through the steps and parameters needed to connect successfully to SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.  COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports. COUNTER compliance requires “Content Providers” to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.servers and download content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.reports. The COUNTER Report Validation Tool may be found at: http://validate.projectcounter.org.

A content provider An organization whose function is to commission, create, collect, validate, host, distribute and trade information in electronic form and in doing so provides usage data. This includes organisations sometimes referred to as “Publishers”, “Vendors”, “Platforms” and/or “Intermediaries”.will only pass an audit test if the JSON-formatted report produced via SUSHI An international standard (Z39-93) that describes a method for automating the harvesting of reports.  COUNTER_SUSHI is an implementation of this standard for harvesting COUNTER reports. COUNTER compliance requires “Content Providers” to implement COUNTER_SUSHI.matches the total of the relevant usage counted on the equivalent tabular report offered by the content provider. In other words, a report should produce the same results irrespective of the format in which it is delivered.

 

 

 

 


How to become Counter Compliant

All academic libraries across the world use and trust COUNTER usage reports to inform renewal and new purchasing decisions, to inform faculty about the value of the library and its resources and to understand user behaviour and improve the user experience.

Counter will help publishers and vendors to become compliant. The The Friendly Guide for Providers Release 5  and Technical Notes and will provide the information you will need to start the process. Content providers transitioning from Release 4 to Release 5 compliance will also find transition timeline useful in their planning.

Audit Process

To comply with the Code of Practice, publishers and vendors must be independently audited within six months of signing the Declaration of COUNTER Compliance, and annually thereafter.

There are three approved COUNTER auditors:

COUNTER will also accept an audit by any Chartered Accountant (UK), CPA (USA) or their equivalent elsewhere.

 
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